Human intelligence has always been the subject of scholars’ debates. There is no agreement on its nature and there is even less agreement on the validity of IQ tests.
Intelligence is sometimes defined as a complex mental capability associated with concepts of comprehension, understanding, thinking, planning, organizing, solving problems, learning, making decisions and else.
Out of experts’ field, people usually simply identify intelligence with academic success.
Intelligent people are considered ‘smart’, but usually in terms of their academic development. For example, one would call a person with a MA degree an intelligent individual.
Reasoning, the ability to process materials, to make conclusions, to learn, to form and express opinions based on the theoretical or other material is definitely something that should be taken into account when labeling someone as ‘intelligent’.
In addition, we have to agree that these skills are important for getting ahead in academic circles. However, this does not make for all of it. Talents and other skills are not measured on common IQ test. Thus, a person who is not a brilliant academic could be a talented artist.
True, art is also institutionalized and there must be a difference between academically educated ones and freelance artists.
However, these are very sensitive subjects. Perhaps intelligence should indeed be observed as multifold. IQ tests alone reveal only part of actual potential of an individual. Moreover, some experts agree on flexibility of those Intelligence Quotient Scores. They believe that the score could be developed and changed. Different factors affect one’s score, as they believe.
One’s ambition and effort to achieve something must be taken into account. Of course, there is a question of realistic and unrealistic goals and one’s individual capabilities.
However, it is true that a person with an average score, if he or she tries hard, could achieve much more than a highly intelligent individual who does not do much in order to get ahead in life.
This is about seeing IQ tests and scores as predictors of life success. The experience proves that other parameters must be involved. For example, emotional intelligence has been claimed to be even more important than the number one gets as a result on an IQ test.
Surely, the ability emotionally to process things in life must be of extremely great help in setting goals and achieving them.
Intelligence and IQ Scores
The question that has been puzzling both experts and non-experts must be that of the true nature of human intelligence.
Could it be seen as universal category and then measured so that people could be ‘classified’ according to their IQ scores? Is human intelligence general mental capacity that individual people possess or is it consisted of many different capacities?
Analyses, tests and researches proved that there are, indeed parameters that could be observed separately.
Specific intellectual abilities, such as spatial and visual abilities, mathematical and logical reasoning, verbal comprehension ability, memorizing capacity and several others could be treated separately and independently from one another.
However, all of these have something in common and that is their intellectual nature, if we may call it so. General intellectual potential of people is what lies behind each of these separate intelligence parameters.
The IQ result summarizes these different aspects of one’s intellectual capacities or it should do so. However, this single unit score still does not reveal all about one’s potentials.
Moreover, it is clear that it could not be observed as a single determinant of future life success, without taking into account other aspects of an individual.
The first IQ test was invented in France, at the beginning of the twentieth century and it was created for educational system purposes, for children. This first test was based upon three parameters that of the level of attention, task processing speed and memory capacity.
The first test proved that physiological age does not correspond with the results, so the author of the test, Alfred Binet, proposed the category of mental age.
Although the test became a base of all future ones, it was incomplete and full of holes, as the author admitted himself. Social background and other factors of one’s life must be taken into account.
Classification and the Average Score
Therefore, from the earliest days of the development of IQ testing it was clear that it would not be an easy task.
All tests struggle with the same problem; none of them could actually reveal the full capacity of an individual’s intelligence or, at least, this capacity as seen in an IQ test could not be considered the determining factor for life success of an individual.
The test that has been in use since fifties of the twentieth century is WAIS test, Wechsler adult Intelligence Scale. The active version is the fourth edition of the test, while the fifth is planned for 2020.
This test is particularly useful in Human Resources sector of big companies.
Okay, but what about the classification? More or less, scales are based upon the standard classification by Lewis Terman.
According to this scale, intelligence scores that fall between 70 and 79 are considered of those ‘borderline deficient’ in intelligence. Scores between 80 and 89 stand for the ‘dull’, while 90 to 109 stands for ‘average’ intelligence or ‘normal’ intelligence.
Above 110 to 119 is ‘superior’ intelligence and 120 to 140 is ‘highly superior’. Above these scores are those considered ‘genius’.
Some contemporary and more detailed scales label 160 as a score of a genius and also analyze even higher scores. However, these are specialized tests that classify only already highly intelligent acknowledged.
The average score, on most scales, is set around 100. A standard deviation of 15 points is taken into account. However, this starting point o understanding scores does not reveal much in the first place.
About 68% of population roughly falls under the range between 85 and 115, 95% within the wider range from 70 to 130, this 70% of people are of average score. Therefore, an average result means you have the ‘same’ intelligence as seventy percent of the population.
This only means that a person is of average problem solving skills and reasoning. It also could be interpreted as being fit to the general life setting.
The intelligence score alone should be analyzed along with other factors, as many experts agree. Emotional intelligence is extremely important, as we have mentioned. It goes along the social intelligence and personality traits.
The multifold approach to human intelligence definitely opens more ground to better understanding on individual capacities of the intellectual capabilities and heir impact on overall life of a person.
IQ 101 Score meaning
However, these are all highly debatable labels and the very question of someone’s intelligence, as expressed through scores on an IQ scale is extremely sensitive, if not controversial.
Many deny the validity of the IQ tests as it is, both common people and experts.
Well, if you have finished an IQ test and got the result of 102, you probably wonder what it means. While even official tests are put in question, you should be extremely careful about trusting instant online IQ tests.
In other words, your IQ test result of 102 does not tell much about your actual capacities and should not be the only factor that you should rely on when deciding your life path, if that is why you did the test in the first place.
Many people are just curious about where the results would place them. In any case, the average result of 102 could be a guideline.
This result shown that one has average reasoning abilities, that one could learn theory and process it well enough, that one is fully capable of making decisions and s o on.
The average score does not mean you should think of yourself as average, but it would probably help you set your goals and limits more easily, but only after you experience something.
That said, you should not stick to what is labeled as average, in terms of career choices, for instance.
The average score of 102 allows you to process your experience well and learn something about yourself from it. This would prevent you from repeating mistakes and help you move forward in life.
Moreover, many experts now agree that an IQ score is not definite; social environment, personal living conditions, one’s personality traits and more would all affect the development of intelligence.
That said, one is believed to be capable of improving intelligence. Therefore, with an normal, average score of 102, one definitely has a good chance to achieve great things in life.
Some of the most searched questions over the internet, regarding IQ scores, are whether this or that score was good or not. Well, is IQ 102 score good? The truth is, no one could answer that.
We could take that the IQ score is only a portion of your full capacities and, moreover, the traits that constitute you as a person.
If you are curious, adventurous, persistent, patient and dedicated person, your intellect would definitely serve you excellent.
On the other hand, a person with higher IQ would not do so well, if he or she were anxious, depressive or whatever else. Individual characteristics play a big role in actual real life manifestation of the intelligence scores.