The idea of measuring intelligence is old, but it first started realizing during the beginning of the 20th century.
First intelligence tests were created then by a French psychologist named Alfred Binet. He was commissioned to create a test which could determine the difference between children with normal mental capacities and children with limited mental capacities.
These first tests were made to measure general intelligence, or the general knowledge in certain matters and certain cognitive skills of children.
Intelligence is a very complex concept, which makes it hard to define with only one definition and one type of intelligence. It would be difficult to encompass all aspect of a trait such as intelligence in one single definition.
Even today, most intelligence tests are made to measure general intelligence. General intelligence consists of the person’s ability to gather information, learn, think critically, solve problems, reason, etc.
The tests consist of different tasks created to measure these skills and abilities of the person.
The important role of intelligence tests is to measure the mental age of children and determine whether it is in accordance with the average mental age of children who are that age.
These tests are sometimes used by psychologists during recruitment processes to check the abilities of their job candidates.
The results in intelligence tests are determined through scales which are incorporated in the test. In many cases these results don’t correspond to the real level of the person’s intelligence.
The main reason is the person not being able to focus on the test due to various circumstances. The fact that it cannot be guaranteed that the results will be accurate, caused these tests to have a deviation in scores for up to 20 points.
Intelligence is measured in intelligence quotients. Levels of intelligence are determined in IQ classifications and according to the currently used Wechsler IQ classification the categories of intelligence are the following:
- Above IQ 130 – is a category of Very Superior intelligence
- Between IQ 120 and 120 – is a category of Superior intelligence
- Between IQ 109 and 119 – is a category of High Average intelligence
- Between IQ 90 and 109 – is a category of Average intelligence
- Between IQ 80 and 90 – is a category of Low Average intelligence
- Between IQ 70 and 79 – is a category of Borderline intelligence
- Below IQ 69 – is a category of Extremely Low intelligence
The category of Average intelligence which falls between IQ 90 and IQ 109 is the largest of all with around 50% of the human population belonging to it. Most people on earth have average intelligence.
Intelligence is a changeable trait which is important to have in mind. Scoring badly on an IQ test is not a thing to be disappointed about.
For those not satisfied with their IQ results they should be aware that they could raise the level of their intelligence through education, reading, doing brain-stimulating activities, etc.
Types of intelligence
Because it is a difficult thing to define intelligence in only one definition and one type, today there are many types of intelligence.
Practical intelligence is similar to general intelligence and it represents the person’s ability to find practical and quick solutions to problems and various situations.
Creative intelligence is the type which consists of the person’s creative abilities and talents and their ability to find creative solutions to problems.
General intelligence is intelligence which consists of the person’s cognitive abilities.
Multiple or specific intelligences are kinds of intelligences created because of the need to encompass all possible different aspects of human intelligence.
Musical intelligence or music smart
Interpersonal intelligence or people smart
Intrapersonal intelligence or self-smart
Verbal – linguistic intelligence or word smart
Logical – mathematical intelligence or number/reasoning smart
Naturalist intelligence or nature smart
Visual-spatial intelligence or picture smart
Bodily/kinesthetic intelligence or bodily smart
Emotional intelligence is very important for social interactions with others. It gives the person ability to understand people’s emotions, desires, as well as their motives.
Fluid intelligence is represented by the ability of a person to find new ways to deal with things and daily matters. It decreases with age.
Crystalized intelligence is the intelligence created during the person’s life and experiences. It increases with age.
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
We mentioned earlier in the text that intelligence is measured in intelligence quotients. IQ or intelligence quotient is calculated as a result of IQ tests, which are mostly made for measuring general intelligence level.
Because intelligence increases with age, IQ tests are not the same for different age groups. The IQ is calculated through the formula: mental age ÷ chronological age x 100 = IQ. The mental age is determined through intelligence tests.
When someone’s mental age is higher than their chronological age that means that they have an above average intelligence.
Intelligence is a result of different factors, mostly related to the person’s genetics and their environment. People inherit many traits from ancestors and their parents, and they inherit their intelligence as well. The proof is the similarity of IQ-s between parents and children.
Environment sometimes plays an even greater role than genetics in the forming of the person’s intelligence.
Lack of care, negligence, lack of education, poor living conditions are all the factors why some children and people fail to achieve their full intellectual potential and remain stagnant or even decrease their mental capacity.
On the other side, children with average intelligence can increase their intelligence significantly through good education, good living conditions and proper care.
Great thing about intelligence is that it can be raised and developed through various activities such as studying, reading, doing brain stimulating activities, exercising, eating healthy food, etc.
Possible causes of a bad IQ score
Low IQ scores happen, and sometimes they reveal the actual state of intelligence of the person doing the test.
Sometimes these scores are not accurate and that could be caused by different things.
The person doing the test could be tired or under stress, or they could experience some other emotional disturbance which could be the reason why they couldn’t focus and concentrate on doing the test properly.
Sometimes the reason for an inaccurate IQ score can be a learning disability that the person has. In this case, the result cannot be accurate and that is something that should be ruled out as a possibility if the person is not aware of having a learning disability.
Some people have a problem with the pressure tests are causing and that is what can cause the bad score in some cases.
Because of such possible circumstances, these tests tolerate up to 10 or 20 points.
IQ 157 score meaning
With an IQ score of 157 you belong to the category of Very Superior intelligent people.
Congratulations, because according to the statistics, there are less than 2% of human population which fall into that category. You are very gifted and have many talents, creative, original, and possess exceptional intellectual ability.
This IQ score comes with a great responsibility and you should be aware of that.
Being so smart and different than others doesn’t give you the right to think and act as if you are better than others or develop a superiority complex. It is your duty to use these abilities wisely and help those who are not as intelligent.
You were blessed with this great gift and many opportunities to succeed. It is up to you not to blow your chances.
Don’t allow your talents and abilities get wasted. You need to appreciate your gift and be grateful for it. Don’t let your laziness and lack of ambition and motivation make you waste your time on insignificant things when you could and should be doing much more important things.
People like you are chosen and were given this gift for a purpose. You should do something for the benefit of the planet and the rest of humanity which doesn’t have such superb mental abilities as you do.
Choose an area or areas where you will use them to make changes for the better in your life, but also improving the lives of others. Don’t ever take your special gift for granted.
Treat everyone with respect they deserve. Use your abilities to help others and don’t expect anything in return.
Your gift is your insurance that you will be well provided if only you use it wisely. There is no guarantee for anything and if you choose the wrong path and begin wasting your talents you could end up disappointed and unfulfilled.
Don’t allow that to happen. Take the initiative and start doing the things you were chosen for.